New York is one of only two states in the country, in company with North Carolina, that prosecutes all 16-17-year-olds charged with a crime in the adult criminal justice system, regardless of the severity of their alleged crime. Additionally, New York treats 13, 14, and 15-year-olds accused of committing certain serious crimes as ‘juvenile offenders’ (J.O.s). J.O.s are prosecuted as adults unless their cases are transferred to Family Court.

In NYS, 16 and 17-year-olds detained or incarcerated via a criminal court order are confined in adult prisons and jails (J.O.s are confined in youth facilities until at least 18).

Each year, over 45,000 16- and 17-year-olds are arrested as adults in New York State. Because they are defined by the law as adults, these youth can be questioned by police without parental notification and confined alongside adults in prisons and jails.


Correctional Association of New York

(H/T Samora Pinderhughes)

(Source: sonofbaldwin)

"Those who founded our country knew that freedom would be secure only if each generation fought to renew and enlarge its meaning."

— President Lyndon B. Johnson, signing the Civil Rights Act

(Source: lbjlib.utexas.edu)


Official drink of the Washington Redskins


Due to pervasive, systemic barriers in education rooted in racial and gender bias and stereotypes, African American girls are faring worse than the national average for girls on almost every measure of academic achievement, according to a comprehensive report (executive summary) released today by the National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) and the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF). In sharp contrast to reports of the academic success of girls overall, African American girls are more likely than any other group of girls to get poor grades and be held back a grade.

The report, Unlocking Opportunity for African American Girls: A Call to Action for Educational Equity, outlines what are sometimes insurmountable barriers to staying in school and how poor educational outcomes result in limited job opportunities, lower lifetime earnings, and increased risk of economic insecurity for African American women. In 2013, 43 percent of African American women without a high school diploma were living in poverty, compared to nine percent of African American women with at least a bachelor’s degree.


"Barriers Rooted in Race and Gender Bias Harm Educational Outcomes of African American Girls and Must Be Addressed, New Report Shows" (via sonofbaldwin)

"There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest."

— Elie Wiesel


“There really is not much state local or federal enforcement going on, particularly in the low-wage industries where you’re not going to get attorneys to bring those cases.”



Nailed it.


In telling his story, Chacour gives voice to what Wright means by “social frameworks that we did not create.” Writing in 1984, you can also sense that, for Chacour, Palestinian dispossession in 1948 (and all the political intrigue that preceded it before his own birth in 1939) has ushered in a lifetime of attempting to come to terms, of helping his people to come to terms.

Despite growing up in conservative evangelical America, I could not beat back the human demands of empathy and compassion for Palestinians.



Buried in national income and poverty statistics released last week is this nugget: A small sliver of Virginia households, the highest-income one-fifth, rake in over half of all income in the state — 50 cents of every dollar. And their share has grown in the past few years.


The four in ten Virginia households with incomes under $50,000 bring home just 12 cents for every dollar earned in Virginia, according to the Census Bureau data.

There’s nothing wrong with Virginia’s most highly-educated workers bringing home high incomes, and the trend isn’t confined to the commonwealth. But when a small share of households have the lion’s share of income, it becomes tougher for lower-income families to keep up with the cost of living, much less afford college, buy a home of their own, and save for the other things it takes to build wealth and opportunity.

A large number of Virginia households have very low incomes: While the top fifth of Virginia households brought in an average of $217,000 in 2013, the bottom fifth brought in an average of just $14,000, according to the Census estimates. (Both these income numbers are likely to be somewhat understated, since the survey does not collect data on earnings above $1.1 million or on capital gains — a significant source of income for high earners — or the value of non-cash transfers, such as food assistance, for low-income households.)

For Virginia to have a strong economy with a prosperous future, everyone needs an opportunity to find useful work that pays a fair wage. The Census figures are a sobering reminder that, at a time when many hard-working Virginia families struggle to make ends meet, more and more of Virginia’s income pie is being served to a relatively few households.

—Laura Goren, Policy Analyst