New York is one of only two states in the country, in company with North Carolina, that prosecutes all 16-17-year-olds charged with a crime in the adult criminal justice system, regardless of the severity of their alleged crime. Additionally, New York treats 13, 14, and 15-year-olds accused of committing certain serious crimes as ‘juvenile offenders’ (J.O.s). J.O.s are prosecuted as adults unless their cases are transferred to Family Court.
In NYS, 16 and 17-year-olds detained or incarcerated via a criminal court order are confined in adult prisons and jails (J.O.s are confined in youth facilities until at least 18).
Each year, over 45,000 16- and 17-year-olds are arrested as adults in New York State. Because they are defined by the law as adults, these youth can be questioned by police without parental notification and confined alongside adults in prisons and jails.
Correctional Association of New York
(H/T Samora Pinderhughes)
"Those who founded our country knew that freedom would be secure only if each generation fought to renew and enlarge its meaning."
— President Lyndon B. Johnson, signing the Civil Rights Act
Due to pervasive, systemic barriers in education rooted in racial and gender bias and stereotypes, African American girls are faring worse than the national average for girls on almost every measure of academic achievement, according to a comprehensive report (executive summary) released today by the National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) and the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF). In sharp contrast to reports of the academic success of girls overall, African American girls are more likely than any other group of girls to get poor grades and be held back a grade.
The report, Unlocking Opportunity for African American Girls: A Call to Action for Educational Equity, outlines what are sometimes insurmountable barriers to staying in school and how poor educational outcomes result in limited job opportunities, lower lifetime earnings, and increased risk of economic insecurity for African American women. In 2013, 43 percent of African American women without a high school diploma were living in poverty, compared to nine percent of African American women with at least a bachelor’s degree.
— "Barriers Rooted in Race and Gender Bias Harm Educational Outcomes of African American Girls and Must Be Addressed, New Report Shows" (via sonofbaldwin)
"There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest."
— Elie Wiesel